According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), roughly 6.5 million adolescents in the United States have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), formerly referred to as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). Additionally, about 5% of adults in the United States have ADHD – and getting diagnosed as an adult is much harder, especially for women. ADHD is a neurological disorder that affects an individual’s ability to focus, plan, and execute tasks. Typically, symptoms present in childhood can include trouble controlling impulsive behaviors and paying attention.
Experiencing highs and lows is a common occurrence in many people’s lives; however, for those battling bipolar disorder, these highs and lows are often continual and uncontrollable. Highs, referred to as manic episodes, are when the feelings become unmanageable, which can lead to dangerous behavior, while lows are depressive episodes. To be diagnosed with bipolar disorder, an individual must have at least one manic or depressive episode. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), a depressive episode should have at least four of the symptoms listed below, lasting for a minimum of two weeks
- Suicidal thoughts or plans/attempts
- Difficulty concentrating
- Problems with making decisions
- Shifts in sleep patterns
- Changes in weight or appetite
- Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
Manic episodes should last for at least one week and include a minimum of three characteristics in the following criteria:
- Easily distracted
- Fighting with thoughts or ideas
- Speaking extremely quickly
- Engaging in high-risk activities
- Pacing and winging hands around
- Heightened self-esteem
- Little to no need for sleep
Although this criterion is often used to determine if an individual has bipolar disorder, always consult a mental health professional for an accurate diagnosis.
Substance abuse is categorized as overusing alcohol, prescription medications, or illicit drugs such as; crystal meth, cocaine, and heroin. Substance abuse can lead to addiction, although, if addressed quickly, it may be corrected through counseling. There are many reasons an individual may struggle with substance abuse, which is why addressing concerns is imperative to avoid the issue worsening.
Anxiety is expected sometimes, especially when presenting a project, performing in a competition, or playing a sport. For some people, though, anxiety occurs daily, even in low-stress situations. Contact a mental health professional today if you or a loved one may be experiencing anxiety.
At Shiloh Health, we treat our patients with care and compassion. Our individualized treatment plans help you feel whole once more. Allow our clinical psychiatrists to guide you through any behavioral-health obstacles while identifying the issue’s core and treating you with the proper understanding, medication, and innovation.